Ensuring Fire Safety: Queensland’s Smoke Alarm Regulations & Standards In 2023

Fire safety is of utmost importance for the protection of lives and properties. In Queensland, the government has implemented stringent regulations and standards for smoke alarms to ensure optimal fire safety measures. As homeowners, landlords and tenants, it is important to understand and comply with these guidelines. In this blog post, we will explore the current smoke alarm requirements set forth by the Queensland government and when your property needs to have a smoke alarm upgrade to satisfy current standards. Let’s delve into the details and discover how to safeguard your home effectively.

Legislation and Reference Documents

To establish a solid foundation for fire safety, Queensland’s smoke alarm regulations are based on several key reference documents, including the Fire and Emergency Services Act 1990, Building Fire Safety Regulation 2008, the National Construction Code 2016, Australian Standard (AS) 3786-2014 and the Land Title Act 1994. These documents provide comprehensive guidelines for smoke alarm installation and maintenance.

Smoke Alarm Compliance Guidelines

Compliance with smoke alarm regulations is crucial for the safety of residents and properties. The Queensland Fire and Emergency Services factsheet highlights the following important compliance guidelines:

  1. Replacement and Maintenance: 
  • Regular replacement and maintenance are essential to ensure smoke alarms operate optimally. Key guidelines include:
    • Replace smoke alarm units and batteries before their expiration dates.
    • Replace smoke alarms manufactured over 10 years ago with photoelectric smoke alarms complying with AS 3786.
    • Regularly test and clean smoke alarms within 30 days before any tenancy change or renewal.


  1. Landlord Responsibilities: 
  • Landlords should maintain fire safety within their rental properties. The Queensland Residential Tenancies Authority website outlines specific responsibilities for landlords, including:
    • Ensuring that premises and inclusions are in good repair.
    • Testing and cleaning each smoke alarm within 30 days before any tenancy change or renewal.

Smoke Alarm Design and Installation for Smoke Alarm Upgrades

Proper design and installation of smoke alarms are crucial for effective fire detection when carrying out a smoke alarm upgrade. Here are the guidelines set by the Queensland Government and the dates whereby the new legislation rolls out.

1. Mandatory Requirements for Smoke Alarm Upgrades

To meet the mandatory requirements for smoke alarm design and installation, adhere to the following guidelines:

  • Use photoelectric smoke alarms for enhanced fire detection.
  • Avoid smoke alarms containing ionisation sensors.
  • Install smoke alarms that are less than 10 years old.
  • Hard-wire smoke alarms to the mains power supply with a backup power source, typically a battery.
  • Interconnect all smoke alarms in the dwelling to ensure simultaneous activation.

2. Compliant Installation Locations for Smoke Alarm Upgrades

The below requirements must be met when installing smoke alarm for effective fire detection. 

  • Install smoke alarms on each storey of the dwelling.
  • Place smoke alarms in every bedroom.
  • Install smoke alarms in hallways connecting bedrooms with the rest of the dwelling.
  • If no bedrooms are present on a particular storey, install at least one smoke alarm on the way to the exit.
  • Avoid placing smoke alarms within specific distances of corners, light fittings, air-conditioning vents or ceiling fan blades.

3. Compliance Dates

To ensure the widespread adoption of smoke alarm regulations, compliance dates have been set for different dwelling types:

  • From 1 January 2017: All new and substantially renovated dwellings must comply with smoke alarm regulations.
  • From 1 January 2022: All domestic dwellings leased and sold must meet the smoke alarm standards.
  • From 1 January 2027: All other domestic dwellings must comply with the regulations.

Trust Excite Electrics for Your Smoke Alarm Needs

By understanding and complying with Queensland’s smoke alarm regulations, you’re taking significant steps towards ensuring your home’s safety and its occupants’ well-being. Having a smoke alarm upgrade to satisfy the current legislation and maintenance of smoke alarms are vital for effective fire detection. Stay informed about the guidelines and seek professional assistance from Excite Electrics to ensure compliance and to create a safer living environment. Prioritise fire safety because every precaution counts when protecting what matters the most.